Your Wednesday Briefing

“When you put on a uniform there are certain inhibitions that you accept.”
General Dwight D. Eisenhower


By Azra Isakovic

Wednesday, April 21, 2021

Good morning

Welcome to Your Wednesday Briefing

Featured

Big Tech – Chinese Antitrust 2.0: Why Is China Going After Its Big Tech? By Jana Kasperkevic | ProMarket

Books

About – Andrew Jewett : “Science under Fire: Challenges to Scientific Authority in Modern America” | Harvard University Press, by Michael D. Gordin | LARB
About – The War Lords and the Gallipoli Disaster, Nicholas A. Lambert | Oxford University Press, by Keith Johnson, Foreign Policy
Big Tech – Chinese Antitrust Exceptionalism – How The Rise of China Challenges Global Regulation by Angela Zhang | Oxford Academic

Must-Reads

Africa/Sahel – Déby’s Dead. What’s Next for Chad and the Sahel? Judd Devermont  | CSIS
Covid19 –How One Epidemiologist Decided Whether to Send Her Children to Group Childcare, Zeynep Tufekci | Insight
EU/Finance/Technology – Recent Developments in EU Foreign Investment Screening, Sarah Erickson | CSIS
US/Germany/Russia – The Nord Stream 2 dispute and the transatlantic alliance, Jonathan Hackenbroich and Kadri Liik | ECFR
US/Global – It is now time to focus on multilateral order, Bruce Jones and Susana Malcorra | Brookings
US/Europe/Asia – Residents in Closest Allies Have Doubts About U.S. Democracy, Horus Alas | US News and World Report
Turkey/Russia/Ukraine – What Role for Turkey in the Crisis between Russia and Ukraine? Mehmet Fatih Ceylan | GMF
Czech Republic/Belarus/Russia – Events in Czechia and Belarus Cement Eastern Europe’s New Divide, Maxim Samorukov | Carnegie Moscow Center
Taiwan – The Free World Must Embrace Taiwan  Ted Yoho | Taipei Times
North Korea – The Rise of North Korea’s Hacking Army  Ed Caesar | New Yorker
US/China/Russia – The Nightmare of Growing China-Russia Common Cause  Frederick Kempe | AC
EU – The Orbanisation of Slovenia, Tanja Fajon | International Politics & Society

Research & Analysis

Nuclear Weapons –North Korea Working on Nampo Missile Test Stand Barge, Joseph Bermudez, Victor Cha | CSIS
China – Populism, China, and Covid-19: Latin America’s New Perfect Storm Evan Ellis | CSIS
US –Annual Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community | Office of the DNI


Podcasts

Africa/ Sahel – Chad’s president Deby dies after fighting rebels on battlefield | FRANCE 24 English

Reconnecting Asia : Mapping continental ambitions

Competing Visions
A geoeconomic contest is underway to shape Asia’s future. Regional powers are putting forward ambitious plans for building roads, railways, pipelines, and other hard infrastructure across the region. Drawing on official sources, CSIS experts developed the maps below to illustrate some of these competing visions. Each map captures, in broad strokes, the major infrastructure priorities of a leading actor. Collectively, these maps preview a competition as wide-ranging as the region itself. As this story unfolds, the collection below will be expanded and updated.

chinas_vision_10212016

Announced in 2013, China’s “One Belt One Road” (OBOR) initiative drives across the Eurasian landmass in two grand sweeps: the ocean-based 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and the overland Silk Road Economic Belt. As Chinese President Xi Jinping’s signature foreign policy effort, OBOR is striking for its opacity as well as its ambition. On the surface, it imagines a future Eurasia where all routes lead to Beijing. As an open-ended framework, however, the initiative is less clear. It combines new and older projects, covers an uncertain geographic scope, and includes efforts to strengthen hard infrastructure, soft infrastructure, and even cultural ties.

indias_vision_10212016

India’s vision is primarily focused on increasing connectivity within its own borders. Looking outside its borders, India sees the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) as largely paralyzed. Instead, the Modi government is focused on assembling smalls groups of its neighbors or « coalitions of the willing, » in support of its regional economic objectives. Other efforts reflect India’s geopolitical interests. By developing Chabahar Port in Iran, for example, India intends to bypass Pakistan and access overland routes to Europe and Central Asia. Looking even further, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “Act East” policy aims to strengthen links between India and ASEAN nations, giving India’s landlocked northeast region better access to its southern ports and establishing new land corridors connecting India to Thailandthrough Myanmar.

japans_vision_10212016
Prioritizing east-west connections, Japan’s vision stems from decades of investing in Southeast Asia, where existing infrastructure reflects the needs of Japanese supply chains, especially maintaining access to the sea. Japan is acting swiftly to defend this incumbent advantage, and has boosted funding to expand “high-quality and sustainable infrastructure” in the region through its Partnership for High Quality Infrastructure. Consistent with the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity, Japan is backing a number of new land and maritime corridors that would increase connectivity between the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has also expanded Japan’s diplomatic footprint, becoming the first sitting Japanese leader to visit all five countries of Central Asia.

russias_vision_oct25

Russia’s vision combines soft and hard infrastructure. The Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) is Russia’s primary vehicle for regional economic integration, and officials have suggested it could be linked with OBOR. Reinforcing its economic and diplomatic pivot to the east, Russia is tapping into the Chinese energy market with a series of proposed natural gas pipelines. To its south, Russia aims to increase connectivity with Azerbaijan, Iran, and India through the North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC). To its north, Russia is planning additional projects to advance its energy and defense interests as the Arctic becomes more accessible.

southkoreas_vision_10212016
President Park Geun-hye’s Eurasian Initiative is expansive, incorporating railways from Seoul to the heart of Europe, shipping lanes through the Arctic, and enhanced fiber optic networks such as the Trans-Eurasia Information Network (TEIN) throughout Southeast Asia. Through increased diplomacy, South Korea is laying the groundwork for stronger relationships in the region and expanding its commercial relationship with Kazakhstan in particular. In light of current geopolitical obstacles, President Park’s initiative appears to contain both diplomatically ambitious and practical plans. Accounting for North Korea, this includes an imagined rail line through the demilitarized zone and an alternative undersea route for bypassing the North and connecting to Russia’s rail network.

turkeys_vision_10212016
Historically, Turkey has been a strategic land bridge connecting Asia and Europe while bypassing Russia. Today, Turkey is enhancing this position with major domestic, sub-regional and trans-national infrastructure projects such as the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway. Turkey also plans to build thousands of kilometers of new roads and railways under the Vision 2023 initiative, which will mark a century since its independence. Collectively, these efforts would expand Turkey’s transportation networks and strengthen their connections with Asia and Europe.

Source: CSIS